Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение
«ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫЙ НАУЧНЫЙ ЦЕНТР ПИЩЕВЫХ СИСТЕМ
ИМ. В.М.ГОРБАТОВА»
Российской Академии Наук

УДК 613.2: 664.41
Библ. 52.

DOI: 10.21323/2071-2499-2018-3-36-39

Роль поваренной соли в питании

Туниева Е.К., канд. техн. наук
ФНЦ пищевых систем им. В.М. Горбатова
Ключевые слова: животные, солечувствительность, хлорид натрия
Реферат:
Хлорид натрия – один из основных рецептурных ингредиентов мясной продукции, который также является важным компонентом, необходимым для нормального функционирования организма. Избыточное потребление соли является одной из основных причин увеличения артериального давления, и как следствие развития сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний, а также нарушения работы почек. В статье представлены результаты исследований влияния высокого потребления хлорида натрия на физиологические изменения организма человека и животных.


The role of salt in nutrition

Tunieva E.K.
Gorbatov Research Center for Food Systems
Key words: laboratory animals, salt-sensitivity, sodium chloride
Summary:
Sodium chloride is one of the main recipe ingredients of meat products, which is also an important component necessary for the normal functioning of the body. However, excessive intake of salt is one of the main causes of increased blood pressure, and, as a consequence of the development of cardiovascular diseases and kidney disfunction. The article presents the results of studies of the effect of high consumption of sodium chloride on physiological changes in laboratory animals and humans.


СПИСОК ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ / REFERENCES:

1. Lim, S.S. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 / S.S. Lim // Lancet. — 2012. — V. 380 (9859). — P. 2224–2260.

2. Murray, C.J. GBD2010: design, definitions, andmetrics / C.J. Murray, M. Ezzati, A.D. Flaxman, S. Lim, R. Lozano, C. Michaudetal // Lancet. — 2013. — V. 380 (9859). — P. 2063–2066.

3. Das, P. The story of GBD2010: a «super-human» effort / P. Das, U. Samarasekera // Lancet. — 2012. — V. 380 (9859). — P. 2067–2017.

4. Aburto, N.J. Effect of increased potassium intake on cardiovascular risk factors and disease: systematic review and meta-analyses / N.J. Aburto, S. Hanson, H. Gutierrez, L. Hooper, P. Elliott, F. Cappuccio // BMJ. — 2013. — V. 346. — f1378

5. Klaus, D. Salt restriction for the prevention of cardiovascular disease / D. Klaus, J. Hoyer, M. Middeke // Dtsch. Arztebl. Int. — 2010. — V. 107. — № 26. — P. 457–462.

6. Chrysant, S.G. Effects of High Salt Intake on Blood pressure and Cardiovascular Disease: The Role of COX Inhibitors / S.G. Chrysant // ClinCardiol. — 2016. — V. 39 (4). — P. 240–242.

7. Береснева, О.Н. Изменения сердечно-сосудистой системы у крыс, сопряженные с высоким потреблением хлорида натрия / О.Н. Береснева, М.М. Парастаева, Г.Т. Иванова, А.Г. Кучер, Н.В. Швед, М.И. Зарайский, И.Г. Каюков, А.В. Смирнов // Артериальная гипертензия. — 2014. — Т. 20. — № 5. — С. 384–390.

Beresneva, O.N. Izmeneniya serdechno-sosudistoj sistemy u krys, sopryazhennye s vysokim potrebleniem hlorida natriya [Changes in the cardiovascular system in rats associated with high intake of sodium chloride] / O.N. Beresneva, M.M. Parastaeva, G.T. Ivanova, A.G. Kucher, N.V. Shved, M.I. Zarajskij, I.G. Kayukov, A.V. Smirnov // Arterial’naya gipertenziya. — 2014. — T. 20. — № 5. — P. 384–390.

8. Kanbay, M. Mechanisms and consequences of saltsensitivity and dietary salt intake / M. Kanbay, Y. Chen, Y. Solak, P.W. Sanders // Curr. Opin. Nephrol. Hypertens. — 2011. — V. 20. — № 1. — Р. 37–43.

9. Heller, J. The role of the kidney in the development of hypertension: atransplantation study in the Prague hypertensive rat / J. Heller, G. Schubert, J. Havlickova, K. Thurau // Pflugers Arch. — 1993. — V. 425. — P. 208–212.

10. Rettig, R. Role of the kidney in Primary hypertension: a renal transplantation study in rats / R. Rettig, C. Folberth, H. Stauss, D. Kopf, R. Waldherr, T. Unger // Am J Physiol Renal Fluid Electrolyte Physiol. — 1990. — V. 258. — P. 606–611.

11. Dickinson, B.D. Reducing the population burden of cardiovascular disease by reducing sodium intake: a report of the Council on Science and Public Health / B.D. Dickinson, S. Havas // Arch InternMed. — 2007. — V. 167. — P. 1460–1468.

12. He F.J., MacGregor G.A. Dietary salt, high blood pressure and other harmful effects on health. In: Kilcast D, Angus F, editors. Reducing salt in foods. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. — 2007. — P. 18–54.

13. Chen, J. Metabolic syndrome and salt sensitivity of blood pressure in non-diabetic People in China: a dietary intervention study / J. Chen, D.F. Gu, J.F. Huang, D.C. Rao, C.E. Jaquish, J.E. Hixson, C.S. Chen, J.C. Chen, F.H. Lu, D.S. Hu, T. Rice, T.N. Kelly, L.L. Hamm, P.K. Whelton, J. He // Lancet. — 2009. — V. 373. — P. 829–835.

14. He, J. Gender difference in blood pressure responses to dietary sodium intervention in the Gestalt study / J. He, D.F. Gu, J. Chen, C.E. Jaquish, D.C. Rao, J.E. Hixson, J.C. Chen, X.F. Duan, J.F. Huang, C.S. Chen, T.N. Kelly, L.A. Bazzano, P.K. Whelton // JHyperten. — 2009. — V. 27. — P. 48–54.

15. Hoffmann, I.S. Salt-resistant and salt-sensitive phenotypes determine the sensitivity of blood pressure to weight loss in overweight / obese Patients / I.S. Hoffmann, A.B. Alfieri, L.X. Cubeddu // J ClinHyperten. — 2008. — V. 10. — P. 355–361.

16. Hipgrave, D.B. Salt and Sodium Intake in China / D.B. Hipgrave, S. Chang, X. Li, Y. Wu // JAMA. — 2016. — V. 315 (7). — P. 703–705.

17. Sanada, H. Genetics of Salt-Sensitive Hypertension / H. Sanada, J.E. Jones, P.A. Jose // CurrHypertens Rep. — 2011. — V. 13 (1). — P. 55–66.

18. Weinberger, M.H. Salt sensitivity, pulse pressure, and death in normal and hypertensive humans / M.H. Weinberger, N.S. Fineberg, S.E. Fineberg et al. // Hypertension. — 2001. — V. 37. — P. 429–432.

19. Larrousse, M. Increased levels of atherosclerosis markers in salt-sensitive hypertension / M. Larrousse, E. Bragulat, M. Segarra et al. // Am J Hypertens. — 2006. — V. 19. — P. 87–93.

20. Yatabe, M.S. Salt sensitivity is associated with insulin resistance, sympathetic overactivity, and decreased suppression of circulating renin activity in lean patients with essential hypertension / M.S. Yatabe, J. Yatabe, M. Yoneda et al. // Am J ClinNutr. — 2010. — V. 92. — P. 77–82.

21. de la Sierra, A. Lack of correlation between two methods for the assessment of salt sensitivity in essential hypertension / A. de la Sierra, V. Giner, E. Bragulat et al. // JHumHypertens. — 2002. — V. 16. — P. 255–260.

22. Cohen, H.W. Sodium, blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease / H.W. Cohen, M.H. Alderman // CurrOpinCardiol. — 2007. — V. 22. — P. 306–310.

23. Harsha, D.W. Effect of dietary sodium intake on blood lipids: results from the DASH-sodium trial / D.W. Harsha, F.M. Sacks, E. Obarzanek et al. // Hypertension. — 2004. — V. 43. — P. 393–398.

24. Alderman, M.H. Dietary sodium and cardiovascular health in hypertensive patients: the case against universal sodium restriction / M.H. Alderman // J AmSocNephrol. — 2004. — V. 15. — P. 47–50.

25. Schmidlin, O. What initiates the pressor effect of salt in salt-sensitive humans? Observations inormotensive blacks / O. Schmidlin, A. Forman, A. Sebastian, R.C. Morris // Hypertension. — 2007. — V. 49. — P. 1032–1039.

26. Dickinson, K.M. Effects of a low-salt diet on flow-mediated dilation in humans / K.M. Dickinson, J.B. Keogh, P. Clifton // AmJClinNutr. — 2009. — V. 89. — P. 485–490.

27. Alderman, M.H. Evidence relating dietary sodium to cardiovascular disease / M.H. Alderman // J Am CollNutr. — 2006. — V. 25. — P. 256–261.

28. Walker, J. Does reducing your salt intake make you live longer? / J. Walker, A.D. MacKenzie, J. Dunning //InteractCardiovascThoracSurg. — 2007. — V. 6. — P. 793–798.

29. Doyle, M.E. Sodium Reduction and Its Effect on Food Safety, Food Quality, and Human Healt / M.E. Doyle, K.A. Glass // Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. — 2010. — V. 9 (1). — P. 44–56.

30. Brown, I.J. Salt intakes around the world: implications for public health / I.J. Brown, I. Tzoulaki, V. Candeias, P. Elliott // Int J Epidemiol. — 2009. — V. 38. — P. 791–813.

31. Graudal, N.A. Effects of low sodium diet versus high sodium diet on blood pressure, renin, aldosterone, catecholamines, cholesterol, and triglyceride / N.A. Graudal, T. Hubeck-Graudal, G. Jurgens // Cochrane Database Syst Rev. — 2017. — V. 11 — CD004022.

32. Susic, D. Salt-induced renal injury in SHRs is mediated by AT1 receptor activation / D. Susic, E.D. Frohlich, H. Kobori, W. Shao, D. Seth, L.G. Navar // J Hypertens. — 2011. — V. 29 (4). — P. 716–723.

33. Galletti, F. The blood pressure-salt sensitivity paradigm: pathophysiologically sound yet of no practical value / F. Galletti, P. Strazzullo //Nephrol Dial Transplant. — 2016. — V. 31 (9). — P. 1386–1391.

34. Oberleithner, H. Plasma sodium stiffens vascular endothelium and reduces nitric oxide release / H. Oberleithner, C. Riethmuller, H. Schillers et al. // ProcNatlAcadSci USA. — 2007. — V. 104. — P. 16281–16286.

35. Huang, B.S. The central role of the brain in salt-sensitive hypertension / B.S. Huang, M.S. Amin, F.H. Leenen // CurrOpinCardiol. — 2006. — V. 21. — P. 295–304.

36. Maruyama, K. Мaternal high salt diet disturbs cardiac and vascular function of offspring / K. Maruyama, S. Kagota, B.N. Van Vliet, H. Wakuda, K. Shinozuka // Life Sci. — 2015. — V. 136. — P. 42–51.

37. Ndanuko, R.N. Relationship between sodium and potassium intake and blood pressure in a sample of overweight adults / R.N. Ndanuko, L.C. Tapsell, K.E. Charlton, E.P. Neale, K.M. O’Donnell, M.J. Batterham // Nutrition. — 2017. — V. 33. — P. 285–290.

38. Ndanuko, R.N. Associations between Dietary Patterns and Blood Pressure in a Clinical Sample of Overweight Adults / R.N. Ndanuko, L.C. Tapsell, K.E. Charlton, E.P. Neale, M.J. Batterham // J AcadNutr Diet. — 2017. — V. 117 (2). — P. 228–239.

39. Yılmaz, Z.V. Dietary sodium and potassium intake were associated with hypertension, kidney damage and adverse perinatal outcome in pregnant women with preeclampsia. / Z.V. Yılmaz, E. Akkas, G.G. Turkmen, О. Kara, A. Yucel, D. Uygur // HypertensPregnancy. — 2017. — V. 36 (1). — P. 77–83.

40. McDonough, A.A. Cardiovascular benefits associated with higher dietary K+ vs. lower dietary Na+: evidence from population and mechanistic studies / A.A. McDonough, L.C. Veiras, C.A. Guevara, D.L. Ralph // Am J PhysiolEndocrinolMetab. — 2017. — V. 312 (4). — P. 348–356.

41. Poorolajal, J. Oral potassium supplementation for management of essential hypertension: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials/ J. Poorolajal, F. Zeraati, A.R. Soltanian, V. Sheikh, E. Hooshmand, A. Maleki // PLoSOne. — 2017. — V. 12 (4). — e0174967.

42. Khaw, K.T. The association between blood pressure, age, and dietary sodium and potassium: a population study / K.T. Khaw, E. Barrett-Connor // Circulation. — 1988. — V. 77 (1). — P. 53–61.

43. Binia, A. Daily potassium intake and sodium-to-potassium ratio in the reduction of blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials / A. Binia, J. Jaeger, Y. Hu, A. Singh, D. Zimmermann // J Hypertens. — 2015. — V. 33 (8). — P. 1509–1520.

44. Buemi, M. Diet and arterial hypertension: is the sodium ion alone important? / M. Buemi, M. Senatore, F. Corica, C. Aloisi, A. Romeo, D. Tramontana et al. // Med Res Rev. — 2002. — V. 22 (4). — P. 419–428.

45. Ekmekcioglu, C. The role of dietary potassium in hypertension and diabetes / C. Ekmekcioglu, I. Elmadfa, A.L. Meyer, T. Moeslinger // J PhysiolBiochem. — 2016. — V. 72 (1). — P. 93–106.

46. Falkner, B. Does Potassium Deficiency Contribute to Hypertension in Children and Adolescents? / B. Falkner // CurrHypertensRep. — 2017. — V. 19 (5). — P. 37.

47. He, F.J. Reducing population salt intake worldwide: from evidence to implementation / F.J. He, G.A. MacGregor // ProgCardiovasc Dis. — 2010. — V. 52. — P. 363–382.

48. Carbone, L.D. The relationship of sodium intake to calcium and sodium excretion and bone mineral density of the hip in postmenopausal African-American and Caucasian women / L.D. Carbone, A.J. Bush, K.D. Barrow, A.H. Kang // J Bone Miner Metab. — 2003. — V. 21. — P. 415–420.

49. Lin, P.H. The DASH diet and sodium reduction improve markers of bone turnover and calcium metabolism in adults / P.H. Lin, F. Ginty, L.J. Appel, M. Aickin, A. Bohannon, P. Garnero, D. Barclay, L.P. Svetkey // J Nutr. — 2003. — V. 133. — P. 3130–3136.

50. Frings-Meuthen, P. Low-grade metabolic acidosis may be thecause of sodium chloride-induced exaggerated bone resorption / P. Frings-Meuthen, N. Baecker, M. Heer // J Bone Miner Res. — 2008. — V. 23. — P. 517–524.

51. Teucher, B. Sodium and bone health: the impact of moderately high and low salt intakes on calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women / B. Teucher, J.R. Dainty, C.A. Spinks, G. Majsak-Newman, D.J. Berry, J.A. Hoogewerff, R.J. Foxall, J. Jakobsen, K.D. Cashman, A. Flynn, S.J. Fairweather-Tait // JBoneMinerRes. — 2008. — V. 23. — P. 1477–1485.

52. Schoppen, S. Sodium-bicarbonated mineral water decreases aldosterone levels without affecting urinary excretion of bone minerals / S. Schoppen, A.M. Perez-Granados, A. Carbajal, B. Sarria, S. Navas-Carretero, M.P. Vaquero // IntJFoodSciNutr. — 2008. — V. 59. — P. 347–355.


Контакты:

Туниева Елена Карленовна
e.tunieva @fncps.ru

Для цитирования:

Туниева, Е.К. Роль поваренной соли в питании / Е.К. Туниева // Все о мясе. – 2018. – № 3. – С. 36-39.

For citation:

Tunieva, E.K. The role of salt in nutrition / E.K. Tunieva // Vsyo o myase. – 2018. – № 3. – Р. 36-39.





Политика конфиденциальности

Карта сайта

Яндекс цитирования Яндекс.Метрика